What is coronary artery calcification and why does it happen?

Coronary artery calcification: Calcium is an essential mineral that helps maintain strong bones and teeth, muscle function, nerve transmission and blood clotting. But did you know that calcium can build up in the arteries of the heart, causing coronary artery disease? A condition called calcification (CAC) may develop. Situated. This process, often seen as a marker of atherosclerosis, which is the thickening of arteries due to plaque buildup, can restrict blood flow, increase the risk of heart attack, and potentially c Can be surrounded by VD problem.

Coronary Artery Calcification (CAC)

According to doctors, CAC is a condition in which calcium builds up in the two main arteries of your heart, called the coronary arteries. A build-up of plaque in the arteries obstructs blood flow and, in turn, affects the supply of oxygen-rich blood to your heart muscle. in a heart attack. The condition can be of two main types, intimal, which involves the inner layers of the artery, and medial, which occurs when the middle layer of the artery is affected.

This was revealed in the research

A research paper published in Statpearls Publishing reported that the presence of coronary artery calcification depends on age and gender, with 90 percent of men and 67 percent of women over the age of 70 having the problem. syndrome, dyslipidemia, tobacco use, hypertension, chronic kidney disease, and high baseline C-reactive protein levels are risk factors for developing coronary artery calcification.

what’s the reason

According to doctors, calcium deposits often accumulate in damaged, inflamed or healing arteries. After age 40, parts of your body can store calcium from your bloodstream. Although the process may begin in your 20s, your doctor may not notice it until it’s advanced enough to show up on an imaging test. Also, most people in their 20s and 30s have no reason to go for imaging. Also, doctors say that plaque builds up with calcium deposits, which are as small as 5 meters (or microns/micrometers) by 3 millimeters and grow to more than 3. mm. Researchers believe that microcalcification begins in the inner layer when smooth muscle cells begin to die.

What are its warning signs?

  • Difficulty breathing
  • Heaviness in the chest
  • Slow or fast heartbeat
  • Chest pain with slight exertion

Disclaimer: Before following the methods, methods and tips mentioned in this article, consult a doctor or relevant specialist.

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