Mice on Mars: Scientific research regarding the possibility of life on India’s neighboring planet Mars is ongoing. On the other hand, great news has come out regarding the possibility of life on Mars. According to scientists, rats can survive on this planet. For this, scientists have found some rats in the extremely dry and windswept peaks of volcanoes in the Atacama Plateau of South America, Chile and Argentina. The climate and low temperature conditions of the Atacama Plateau are more similar to Mars on Earth. In the research, scientists have made it clear that the mice here can survive on Mars.
Researchers have changed the old view of life on Mars.
Regarding the height of more than 6000 meters above the sea level, the experts had concluded that the life of mammals is not possible in such places. Now researchers say that the discovery of rat skeletons in harsh environments has changed this old view. In early 2020, American professor Jay Storrs and his fellow mountaineer Mario Pérez Mamani found evidence of a leaf-eared rat living on the 22,000-foot summit of the Lulailaco volcano on the Chile-Argentina border. No mammal had been found at such a height before.
Rats can survive in harsh environments.
Professor Storrs, author of the study, said: “What is most surprising about our discovery is that mammals can live on volcanic peaks in such an inhospitable, Mars-like environment. Because of their training, they can withstand this altitude for a day. The fact that these mice spend their entire lives in this environment shows that the endurance of small mammals has been underestimated until now.
Scientists from the University of Nebraska conducted the research.
According to the University of Nebraska in the United States, when Professor Storrs and his team began exploring the rocks, they found mummies of rats. 21 volcanoes were investigated. 13 rat skeletons were found in Jwala Mukhi, whose height was more than 6 thousand. Carbon dating showed that the remains of some of these rodents were decades old. This raised the question of how mammals could survive in a barren world of rock and ice, where temperatures never rise above zero and oxygen is extremely scarce. Professor Storrs said it appeared the rats had arrived there of their own accord. The presence of these rodents in Atakum’s inhospitable climate suggests that rodents can survive in a similar environment to the Martian environment.
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