Aditya L1 will enter the Lagrange 1 point at 4pm today, uncovering the secrets of the Sun

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The Aditya L1 mission will study the Sun from Lagrange Point One.

Aditya L1 Sun Mission: After conquering the moon, now India’s flag is hoisted on the sun. ISRO’s Sun mission ‘Aditya L1’ is set to enter its final destination today. The journey of Aditya L1, which started on September 2, is going to reach Hilo orbit after 126 days, completing a journey of 3.7 lakh km. After this, India’s first solar observatory will be established at a distance of about 1.5 lakh km from the earth. According to reports, Aditya L1 will reach its destination at 4 pm today.

Aditya L1 will study the solar system for 5 years.

We tell you that Aditya L1 will study the solar system for the next 5 years. It is India’s first space observatory and ISRO scientists are constantly monitoring it to successfully put it into orbit. ISRO, which has proved its capability to the world with the successful landing of Chandrayaan-3 on the lunar surface in 2023, is all set to launch its Sun mission Aditya L1 in early 2024. India’s first Sun mission was launched on September 2, 2023 from the Satish Dhawan Space Center in Sriharikota.

This is a big challenge for scientists at the moment.

We tell you that at the L1 point of the Sun, the gravity of the Earth and the Sun remains the same. The biggest challenge for ISRO scientists is to keep Aditya L1 in orbit around the L1 point. At 4 pm today, the Aditya L1 spacecraft will be placed in the designated ‘Hello Orbit’ near the Lagrange 1 point, 1.5 million kilometers from Earth. According to ISRO, to do this, the motors installed in Aditya L-1 will be fired in such a way that our satellite is fixed in a fixed orbit around the L1 point. With the success of this maneuver, the Aditya L1 satellite will begin studying the Sun orbiting the Lagrange 1 point.

Why is Aditya only going to L1?

The question is why ISRO wants to base its satellite only on Lagrange point one or L1. So the answer is that there are five Lagrange points between the Sun and the Earth from L1 to L5. In simple terms, these points act like parking spaces in space. There are 5 specific places where a small object can move in a stable pattern with a large planet. The Lagrange point is where this tiny object can move in conjunction with both celestial bodies and is unlikely to be shadowed by the ecliptic. This means that a vehicle placed at a Lagrange point does not have to exert much effort to maintain its position.

What will Aditya L1’s seven payloads do?

After the success of first Mangalian and then Chandrayan, the morale of ISRO scientists is high and now India’s flag is going to be hoisted on the Sun as well. Let us tell you that Aditya L1 has 7 payloads. These seven payloads will reveal various mysteries of the Sun.

Which payload of Aditya L1 will work:

  • VELC i.e. Visible Line Emission Coronagraph: Will take high definition pictures of the sun.
  • SUIT ie Solar Ultraviolet Imaging Telescope: Will take pictures of the sun’s ultraviolet wavelengths.
  • ASPEX i.e. Aditya Solar Wind Particle Experiment: Will study alpha particles.
  • PAPA stands for Plasma Analyzer Package for Aditya: Will study the hot winds of the sun.
  • SOLEX i.e. Solar Low Energy X-ray Spectrometer: Will study the X-rays emitted by the Sun and the changes in it.
  • HEL10S i.e. High Energy L1 Encircling X-ray Spectrometer: Will study high energy x-rays.
  • MAG stands for Advanced Tri-axial High Resolution Digital Magnetometers: Will study magnetic fields.

Aditya L1 will protect more than 50 satellites.

After reaching ‘Hello Orbit’, the Rs 400 crore Aditya L1 mission will protect over 50 satellites worth Rs 50 thousand crore of India for the next 5 years. Along with this, it will also study the heat from the corona and the warm winds. The mission will also try to find out what causes solar storms and how they affect the Earth’s atmosphere. In addition, Aditya L1 will study the distribution and temperature of the solar wind and try to understand the solar atmosphere.

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